World War II




Scope note(s)

  • Global conflict involving countries of Europe, Africa, Asia, and North America that occurred between 1939 and 1945.

Source note(s)

  • Medical Subject Headings

Display note(s)

Hierarchical terms

World War II

World War II

Equivalent terms

World War II

  • UF 2nd World War
  • UF Second World War
  • UF World War, 1939-1945

Associated terms

World War II

25 Archival description results for World War II

25 results directly related Exclude narrower terms

Collection on United States 3rd General Hospital

  • US AA045
  • Collection
  • 1942-1945

The files in this collection primarily cover The Mount Sinai Hospital's doctors and nurses stationed at the 3rd General Hospital. Details about Mount Sinai clinicians and staff in active duty stationed at other locations during World War II are found in the publication Grand Rounds: Memos from Mount Sinai Men to their Fellows in the Services. The records cover the time period from 1942 through 1945.

A prominent item in this collection is Ralph Moloshok's unpublished historical account. The manuscript provides a detailed chronicle of Dr. Moloshok's experiences in basic training at Camp Rucker, and his active duty at the 3rd General Hospital in North Africa. The document is approximately 400 pages long. The first 118 pages are written as a journal, with entries appearing almost daily. These entries provide in-depth descriptions of the weeks spent in basic training at Camp Rucker. The second portion of the manuscript details the move to Casablanca, and finally the order to begin duty at the 3rd General Hospital in Tunisia.

The value of this manuscript is not just in its detailed descriptions of people, living conditions and medical military life, it also includes affixed original documents outlining the officers' schedules and basic training routines, anecdotes, illustrations (with no identifiable artist attribution), and photographs from Camp Rucker, Casablanca, Italy and France.

With so much of Mount Sinai's attention and resources turned toward the war effort, the Hospital moved to address the growing interest in information about the men and women in service at the 3rd General Hospital, as well as those assigned to other units in the war. Two members of Mount Sinai's administration, Sol Weiner Ginsburg, MD and Bella Trachtenberg responded by collecting, printing, binding and distributing the letters written by doctors in the war. These quarterly editions, called Grand Rounds: Memos from Mount Sinai Men to their Fellows in the Services, became wildly popular at home and among the soldiers serving abroad and within the United States. The compilation contains World War II letters and letter excerpts from September 1943 through October 1945.

Other important items in this collection are two scrapbooks on the nursing staff's military service during World War II. One was created by the Department of Nursing, the other by the Alumnae Association of The Mount Sinai Hospital School of Nursing. The scrapbooks include official military and hospital correspondence to and from the nursing staff in the form of letters and memoranda that range from 1942 through 1945. An interesting part of the Dept. of Nursing's scrapbook is the more casual correspondence such as greeting cards, personal notes, marriage and birth announcements, and Victory Mail (V-Mail). The greeting cards are addressed to the unit as well as to individuals. Some of the cards are hand painted. Samples of unused V-mail, intended to send holiday greetings (Mother's Day, Easter, and Christmas), are also included. Other loose items in the scrapbook include programs from amateur performances by the nurses and medical officers, concerts and religious services. The religious programs represent both Christian and Jewish faith observances at the 3rd General Hospital.

Other noteworthy scrapbook items include an original April 13, 1945 issue of Stars and Stripes announcing President Franklin D. Roosevelt's death. There are also various newsletters produced by and for the officers. These include issues of BBC News, Stethoscope 3rd General, and The Trooper. Several issues in this sampling are incomplete.

The bound pages of the scrapbook from the Alumnae Association of The Mount Sinai Hospital School of Nursing contains numerous keepsake items, mementos from various events, and personal and official correspondence to 1st Lt. Ruth Chamberlin, who served as Chief Nurse at the 3rd General Hospital.

In addition to this print material, the collection also includes an audio recording (VM_012) and printed transcript of The Story of Two Hospitals, as recorded by Robert St. John, an NBC war correspondent, in November 1943. There is also film footage related to the 3rd General Hospital that was taken by Dr. Henry Horn, a Mount Sinai staff member who was in the Unit. This includes footage from the Unit starting in North Africa and continuing through France, including a trip to Paris and the Follies Bergère. His wife later gave the film to the Hospital. All six reels of the film were digitized in 2005.

United States. Army. General Hospital, 3rd

Department of Public Relations records

This series includes the records of the Office of Public Relations up to 1966 when Beryl Reubens was hired. There are records from when the following people were in charge of the function: Roman Slobodin (1942-44), Edith Behrens (1944), Leon Jacobson (19?-1962), Shel Sukoff (1962-?) and Jan Tyroler (1964-65).

There are many interesting aspects to this collection, including how it demonstrates the role of the Trustees in the life of the Hospital as well as how the functions of publicity and fund raising were handled. Initially combined, these two duties were separated in 1967 when the first full-time Director of Development was hired. Other strengths are the light the papers shed on the Hospital during World War II, and how the Hospital described itself through its publications and press activities. There are interesting glimpses of important Mount Sinai scientists as the Public Relations Office interviewed and researched them for their press efforts.

Mount Sinai Hospital (New York, N.Y.). Department of Public Relations

Esther Winkler Shapiro, RN, PhD papers and memorabilia

  • US AA039
  • Collection
  • 1937-1979

This collection consists primarily of correspondence, documents, photographs and memorabilia dating from Esther Winkler Shapiro’s service as a U.S. Army nurse on the Pacific front during the Second World War, with a smaller assortment of material dating from her time as a nursing student at The Mount Sinai Hospital School of Nursing. Memorabilia include a World War II Army Nurse Corps uniform and cap, a Japanese flag, and Mount Sinai Hospital School of Nursing caps. The collection include a shipboard newsletter from the U.S.S. Repose and a hospital newspaper from Thomas M. England General Hospital, locations where Shapiro served.

Shapiro, Esther Winkler

Interview with Ennio Gallozzi, MD by Norma M.T. Braun, MD

Dr. Ennio Gallozzi, an anesthesiologist who was born, raised, and trained in Rome, Italy, discusses his life, and how he came to study in the US and continue training at St. Luke’s as a resident in anesthesiology, eventually spending 44 years at the hospital. He mentions life growing up under Mussolini, and the devastation WWII wrought on Rome, and includes stories about colleagues and family life.

Gallozzi, Ennio

Interview with Horace L. Hodes, MD by Albert S. Lyons

Horace L. Hodes, MD (1907-1989) served as Director of the Pediatrics Department at The Mount Sinai Hospital from 1949-1976 and as Herbert H. Lehman Professor and Chairman of Pediatrics at Mount Sinai School of Medicine from 1965-1976. He is interviewed by Albert S. Lyons, MD, Archivist at The Mount Sinai Medical Center. In this interview, Dr. Hodes discusses his career; his research work; his military service during World War II as part of the Rockefeller University unit; the efforts at The Mount Sinai Hospital to create Mount Sinai School of Medicine; Hans Popper, MD, PhD, Gustave L. Levy, Chairman of the Mount Sinai Board of Trustees; and the Department of Pediatrics at Mount Sinai.

Hodes, Horace L. (Horace Louis)

Interview with Norma M.T. Braun, MD by Michala Biondi, part 1

In part one of a two-part interview, Dr. Braun recounts her childhood in Shanghai, China during the third Japanese invasion, before the World War II. She describes her family's struggles to escape the war, her grandfather, who held various diplomatic roles for China and the Kuomintang, and her parents' meeting in the US (her mother is from Poland) and their lives after marriage.

Braun, Norma M.T.

John H. Garlock, MD papers

  • US AA013
  • Collection
  • 1915-1967

This small collection spans the career of Dr. Garlock: from medical school material, to ambulance duty logs from his internship at New York Hospital, photographs and some case reports on plastic surgery patients, private practice patient records, Operative Clinic presentations he made as Chief of Surgical Service at Mount Sinai, to the book on surgery of the alimentary tract that was published after his death.
While the range is wide, the records still only provide a surface picture of the man. The detailed notes and sometimes colorful drawings that Dr. Garlock created in medical school speak to his attention to detail. The early volumes are labeled "John Harry Garlock." He also noted a change of address on the notebooks from 346 W. 56th Street to 180 Claremont Avenue. This move happened during his medical school years.
His surgical acumen and style are brought out in the patient files and transcripts of the surgical clinics. The latter also give a glimpse into early plastic surgery at New York Hospital and The Mount Sinai Hospital. It was Dr. Garlock who helped establish plastic surgery as a surgical specialty here. The clinics were ended in January of 1943 for the duration of the War because there was a problem obtaining a sufficient number of orderlies.
Also instructive for insights into Dr. Garlock are the correspondence files, one with colleagues (Box 1, f.6) and the other with patients (Box 2, f.6). The ambulance log books in Box 1 show Dr. Garlock's keen eye for his surroundings and provide wonderful details on the people he treated and the treatments of the day.
Of note, too, is a series of letters Dr. William Hitzig wrote on behalf of Dr. Garlock when the latter was planning a trip to India. Dr. Hitzig had many connections there and wrote letters of introduction for the Garlocks. There is also a series of letters regarding a controversy between Drs. Sigmund Mage and Richard Lewisohn. (Box 1, f.9)
The patient records found here are only a portion of the files maintained by Dr. Garlock at his office. At his death, the records were divided among Dr. Garlock's junior colleagues. Many of those included here are the records of ileostomy and colostomy patients that were taken by Dr. Albert S. Lyons.
This collection contains some photographs, many of which are large and mounted. Thirteen posed publicity photos of unknown musicians and dancers were removed and sent to the Lincoln Center Archives for inclusion in their collections.

Garlock, John H.

Records of The Mount Sinai Alumni

This series includes: Constitution and By-laws of the organization; correspondence with the IRS; letters from alumni during World War II written to Bella Trachtenberg; Jacobi Medallion Selection committee; a sample Jacobi Medallion that was defective; newsletters; scholarship fund information; information and material from the Alumni's centennial celebration in 1996; some memorabilia; and information on member benefits. There is also the original gold-headed cane from when the tradition started in 1952. This is stored separately.

Roosevelt Hospital records

  • US AA105
  • Collection
  • 1871-2013

Please review the notes under the individual series below. For additional information on that series, go to and enter the OCLC # provided to read the catalog record for that series.

Roosevelt Hospital (New York, N.Y.)

St. Luke's Hospital School of Nursing records

  • US AA149
  • Collection
  • 1895 - 2016

This small collection has five series: School of Nursing records, the Alumnae Association records, Alumnae Papers, Artifacts and Photographs. The School of Nursing series is 14 folders of basic information about the School, the highlights of which are the annual announcements catalogs (folders 2-5) outlining the entrance requirements and the curriculum, and the Triennium, the class yearbooks for 1951, 1952, 1955, 1957, 1968, 1973, and 1974. The proposal by the New York Infant Asylum to provide obstetric training is also of note as it provides a detailed list of areas of instruction for 1895 (folder 9). Student transcripts from 1941-1974 are also included in this collection; please see note under that series for details.

Significant records in The Alumnae Association series are the annual reports for the Association and a nearly complete run of the Association’s Bulletin, providing news of its members and of the Hospital. (Note that a number of annual reports are published in particular Bulletin issues, which are clearly noted in the container list. Also note that an appendix listing all of the Bulletins in the collection, along with a list of all the directresses, can be found at Also of significance are the three volumes of Alumnae Rosters, the first of which contains a short history of the School. These books and the two volumes of the Alumnae Association annual reports are behind all the folders in box 2. Photographs of Alumnae are also included in the collection; however, they are filed in the larger St. Luke’s Hospital series of the Photograph Collection. A scrapbook of snap shots of student nurses around 1953-1955 is also found in the artifacts.

The Alumnae Papers consists of materials donated by the School’s graduates and may include bulletins, pamphlets, yearbooks, artifacts such as uniforms or graduate pins, invitations and other materials. This series is arranged by donation date.

Artifacts include a complete student nurse’s uniform, with its distinctive wool cape and the School's graduate pin.

St. Luke's Hospital (New York, N.Y.). School of Nursing

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