Social Control, Formal




Scope note(s)

  • Control which is exerted by the more stable organizations of society, such as established institutions and the law. They are ordinarily embodied in definite codes, usually written.

Source note(s)

  • Medical Subject Headings

Display note(s)

Hierarchical terms

Equivalent terms

Social Control, Formal

  • UF Regulation
  • UF Social Control

Associated terms

Social Control, Formal

31 Archival description results for Social Control, Formal

Board of Trustees, Office of the Treasurer (Schur)

These Treasurer's Office files contain records from the years 1948-1976. The bulk of this collection falls between 1960-1974, when Ira A. Schur was Treasurer.
The types of records in this collection are varied and numerous and they reveal the activities and priorities of the Treasurer's Office over this time. They include: minutes of Board of Trustee meetings and of various committees; correspondence with administration, faculty, other institutions, businesses, governmental agencies, lawyers, and many others; printed reports concerning various aspects of the Hospital; loan requests; employee agreements; and various budgetary reports.
The documentation reveals a few recurring themes. A large percentage of the records concern personnel management. Among the employee related material are: employee agreements and contracts; retirement agreements; data on retirement funds; tax annuity reports; private practice agreements; and comparative studies of executive benefits, perquisites, and salaries. Two sets of folders in the collection relate directly to employee benefit issues. The first contains the files of the Ad Hoc Committee for Executive Benefits, which existed from 1962-1970 to determine appropriate benefits for executive level personnel. They are found in folders labeled "Executive Insurance and Benefits." The second folder group contains the records of the Compensation Committee, which was formed in 1972 (the records continue to 1973) and had similar objectives to that of the previously mentioned Ad Hoc Committee. This second series is found in folders labeled "Compensation Committee."
There are several other subjects that recur in these files. Many documents relate to funds and fundraising, including records concerning funds for the then new Annenberg Building and School of Medicine. There are many documents relating to the tax status of corporations, house staff, executives, and other employees. Also found here is correspondence regarding the incorporation of The Mount Sinai Medical Center and name changes for Mount Sinai School of Medicine. In addition, as might be expected, there are data on expenses and supply costs.
Throughout the collection is correspondence with many prominent Mount Sinai individuals including Gustave Levy, Chairman of the Boards of Trustees; Martin Steinberg, MD, Director of The Mount Sinai Hospital from 1948 to 1969; Hans Popper, MD, Ph.D., Chairman of the Department of Pathology and President/Dean of Mount Sinai; Jack Herman, Director of Development; and S. David Pomrinse, MD, Director of The Mount Sinai Hospital from 1969 to 1977.
The Treasurer's Office hired outside consulting firms to perform many studies. Included in the collection are a compensation study completed by the Martin E. Segal Company (1973) and a Mount Sinai Medical Center report on tax shelter annuity programs conducted by S. B. Ackerman Associates (1973).
Ira A. Schur conducted the majority of his Treasurer's responsibilities from his office at S. D. Leidesdorf and Co. where he worked from 1916 until his retirement in 1969. However, there are many documents that reveal that he also conducted business at Mount Sinai and occasionally from his homes in Manhattan and Scarsdale, New York.
The files contained in this collection are of value for many reasons, one being the level of the office and its importance to the institution. Another aspect that brings value to these records is their relative completeness and comprehensiveness. An examination of these records provides an understanding of the evolution and workings of the Treasurer's Office.
It is difficult to say what gaps the collection may have since the records were not donated directly from the Treasurer's office and contain files only as recent as 1976. However, it is surprising that there is only minimal mention of issues regarding property and no information on banking or evidence of bank accounts and bill payments, which are all major responsibilities of the office. On the whole, the collection lacks budgetary data. Although it does contain some budgetary reports and financial statements, the majority of the collection is composed of day to day personnel and individually-focused issues.

Charlotte Friend, PhD papers

  • US AA034
  • Collection
  • 1935-1987

The Charlotte Friend collection provides an excellent view of the scientist as well as the non-research side of a researcher's career. These files document Dr. Friend's role as a professional involved with numerous organizations as a leader, committee member, and reviewer; as an administrator of her own lab, with the concomitant need to write and receive grants from outside funding; and, at a lessening degree as time went on, as a teacher. Dr. Friend's research efforts are harder to trace here. The natural source for this would be the research notebooks, but these are now lost, with only a few remaining in the Center for Experimental Cell Biology. In this collection, the Manuscripts Series has the finished product of this research, although this series ends in 1979. There is also the Meetings, Speeches and Notebooks Series, which shows somewhat the progress of her work. Scattered throughout the Correspondence and Alphabetical series are also fleeting references to her work. There is also a small set of glass lantern slides from 1956-1963 (Box 44) that show experimental mouse specimens and cells. These were contained in a slide box with the initials C.P.R. on the top. It seems likely that the box once belonged to Cornelius P. Rhoads, who served as Director of Memorial Hospital from 1940-1953 and was the founding Director of Sloan Kettering Institute, where he served until his death in 1959. Another facet of the collection is the insight it provides into the world of cancer research during an important era, an era which Dr. Friend herself helped propel. This was the time, starting in the 1950s, when scientists gradually turned to an acceptance of viruses as cancer causing agents in humans. The evolution of the field may be traced through the conference programs (Box 33-38), the journal articles that Dr. Friend reviewed (Box 2, Box 7-19), as well as through the correspondence and her own research. These papers also show the intimacy of the cancer research community itself, at least at the level at which Dr. Friend operated. These papers provide information on women's role in science. Dr. Friend in some ways held an unusual position. Her discovery of the Friend leukemia virus established her reputation very early in her career. Perhaps because of this, she felt that she herself was not held back by being a woman, with the exception of some wage discrimination. Still, she believed that science truly had been a man's world and that it would take conscious and steady efforts by women to change this. For her part, this involved nominating women to positions of authority in organizations; suggesting women speakers for programs; speaking out about women's issues; serving as a role model to young women from grade school to graduate school; and ultimately, by taking time from her own lab to serve in prominent positions in professional associations. The latter is reflected in the Alphabetical Series in files on the Harvey Society, the American Association for Cancer Research, the New York Academy of Sciences, and the National Academy of Sciences. Finally, the Charlotte Friend Papers give a great deal of insight into her as a person. She cared deeply about and was very involved with her family (Personal Series). She loved to travel, but always loved New York. She wrote letters to congressmen and mayors on issues she cared about, including support for Israel, cuts in research funding, the status of women, and abortion rights (Box 42, f.7). Her support staff loved her, and many times she functioned as a mother hen to the group. Still, she seemed to be the mentor to few graduate students, and colleagues did not remain many years in her lab. She was a complex woman whose intricacies are clearly displayed in this collection.

Friend, Charlotte, 1921-1987

Clinical Excellence Committee records

These files represent an almost complete official record of the Clinical Excellence Committee, the Task Forces, and their subcommittees. The minutes are complete, with only one exception. There are few interim reports or correspondence among the coordinators, the chairmen of the committees, and members. The final report is contained in Box 2, folder 1.

Some of the minutes have notes made by Dr. Thomas Chalmers, President and Dean of The Mount Sinai Medical Center and School of Medicine. The files probably came from that office, although, aside from these few notes, they are generic.

Mount Sinai Medical Center (New York, N.Y.). Clinical Excellence Committee

Framed collage relating to Dr. Steinberg's role in the creation of Medicare

It includes a telegram from the White House stating, "The President has asked me to invite you to witness the signing of the historical Medicare bill tomorrow, Friday, July 30..." There is also a letter dated August 3, 1965 from Lawrence O'Brien at the White House noting an enclosed pen that had been used to sign H. R. 6675, the Medicare Bill. All three items are mounted inside a framed case.

Interview with Ruth Ravich by Albert S. Lyons and Florence Daniels

This is a recording of the oral history of Ruth Ravich conducted by Albert S. Lyons and Florence Daniels on April 11th, 1995. Some of the significant topics represented in this oral history include: projects to improve pediatric clinics at The Mount Sinai Hospital for children with disabilities; the establishment of the Patient Representation Department; patient representatives; interpreting services such as Interpret Team and the Communicards; the most prevalent reoccurring problems that patients at the Mount Sinai Hospital face (i.e., the appointment system, medical records, proxies etc.); how the department handles unresolvable issues between patients and doctors; patient representative programs modeled after Mount Sinai’s around the world; how she helped found a master’s- level health advocacy program at Sarah Lawrence College; and how the Board of Trustees could help the Patient Representation Department.

The audio recording was re-recorded over by a surgical lesson. This has been omitted from the transcript.

Lyons, Albert S., 1912-2006

Mount Sinai Health System Innovation Partners

  • This website documents the activities and available services of the Innovation Partners at Mount Sinai Health System (MSIP). MSIP facilitates the real-world application and commercialization of Mount Sinai Health System discoveries and the development of research partnerships.

Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai. Mount Sinai Innovation Partners

Mount Sinai Medical Legal Partnership

  • This website documents the Mount Sinai Medical Legal Partnership (MSMLP). MSMLP arranges for free legal services to the Mount Sinai Health System’s most vulnerable and needy patients to prevent and remedy the legal and social issues that often contribute to poor health. By addressing the non-medical determinants of illness, MSMLP is working to improve the overall health of our community and end the vicious cycle in which illness and disease are both cause and consequence of poverty. MSMLP integrates lawyers into the health care team to address unmet legal needs that may be affecting a patient’s health. The most common cases relate to income maintenance, housing, education and employment, legal status and personal and family stability. Many of our patients living at or below the poverty line seldom have access to a lawyer to address such critical matters.

Mount Sinai Medical Legal Partnership

Mount Sinai Science & Medicine: The Magazine of the Mount Sinai Health System

  • This Fall 2020 issue of Mount Sinai Science and Medicine was a special interactive version, with embedded video. It largely covers the Mount Sinai Health System response to the events of 2020, including the COVID-19 pandemic, as well as the civil rights movement following the murder of George Floyd.

Mount Sinai Health System (New York, N.Y.). Office of Development

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