Doctors Hospital (New York, N.Y.)

Identity area

Type of entity

Corporate body

Authorized form of name

Doctors Hospital (New York, N.Y.)

Parallel form(s) of name

Standardized form(s) of name according to other rules

Other form(s) of name

Identifiers for corporate bodies

Description area

Dates of existence

1929-1987

History

Doctors Hospital was a voluntary hospital on the Upper East Side of New York City which catered to affluent private patients. It was located at 170 East End Avenue between 87th and 88th Streets, overlooking Carl Schurz Park and Gracie Mansion.

The hospital was founded in the late 1920s by a group of socially prominent doctors and investors to meet the growing demand for private hospital rooms. Hospitals, by this time, had replaced the home as the primary site of medical treatment for patients of all social classes, but New York City's hospitals had a limited supply of rooms for affluent patients who did not want to be housed on public wards.

The cornerstone of the hospital building was laid on April 30, 1929, and the hospital opened to patients on February 19, 1930. On its opening, the fourteen-story building contained 264 private rooms, with an additional 32 hotel-like rooms in which patients' relatives could stay during treatment. It had no wards. Nicknamed the “hotel hospital"" for its lavish interiors, its rooms were decorated in an early American style and included conveniences such as private iceboxes, which aimed at replicating the comforts of home for its wealthy patients. The founding medical staff of the hospital consisted of 182 doctors and surgeons.

The hospital was founded as a for-profit corporation and was expected to yield a return for its shareholders. In 1932, however, the shares of the hospital were turned over to a charitable foundation and the hospital was reorganized as a voluntary institution. Many believed this decision to have been motivated primarily by tax purposes. In 1941 the city brought a suit against the hospital for payment of back taxes, arguing that because it catered to private patients and did not offer charity care, it was not entitled to the hospital property tax exemption. The State Supreme Court ruled in favor of the city, but the ruling was overturned by the Appellate Division in 1944, which held that the exemption applied equally to all voluntary hospitals regardless of their patient demographics. Throughout the middle decades of the twentieth century the hospital continued to serve New York's social elite as a place for medical treatment in a genteel private setting.

Places

Legal status

Functions, occupations and activities

Mandates/sources of authority

Internal structures/genealogy

General context

Relationships area

Related entity

Beth Israel Medical Center (New York, N.Y.). Singer Division (1987-2004)

Identifier of related entity

NA2349

Category of relationship

temporal

Type of relationship

Beth Israel Medical Center (New York, N.Y.). Singer Division

is the successor of

Doctors Hospital (New York, N.Y.)

Dates of relationship

Description of relationship

Beth Israel Medical Center acquired Doctors Hospital in 1987. It first renamed the location to Beth Israel North, then the Singer Division.

Related entity

Doctors Hospital (New York, N.Y.). Board of Directors (1929-1987)

Identifier of related entity

NA0134

Category of relationship

hierarchical

Type of relationship

Doctors Hospital (New York, N.Y.). Board of Directors

is controlled by

Doctors Hospital (New York, N.Y.)

Dates of relationship

Description of relationship

Access points area

Subject access points

Place access points

Occupations

Control area

Authority record identifier

NA0133

Institution identifier

Rules and/or conventions used

Local

Status

Final

Level of detail

Dates of creation, revision and deletion

Language(s)

Script(s)

Sources

“The Doctors' Hospital," New York Times, May 4, 1929; “Doctors' Hospital Keeps Cures Hidden," New York Times, February 10, 1930; “Doctors Hospital Receives Patients," New York Times, February 20, 1930; “Doctors Hospital Loses Suit on Tax," New York Times, November 28, 1941; “Doctors Hospital Wins Tax-Exemption Plan," New York Times, May 13, 1944; “These Days, You Have to Be Ill to Get Into Doctors Hospital," New York Times, December 27, 1970.

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